Prepared by VA

WHAT VETERANS AND THEIR FAMILIES SHOULD KNOW WHEN
APPLYING FOR DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (VA)
PENSION BENEFITS

VA’s pension program provides monthly benefit payments to certain wartime Veterans with financial
need, and their survivors. As Veterans and survivors consider applying for these benefits, VA would
like to share important information about the pension program and organizations offering assistance
with pension applications.

WHAT ARE PENSION BENEFITS?
• Pension is a needs-based benefit paid to a wartime Veteran and his/her survivor(s). A
Veteran may generally be eligible if he/she:
o was discharged from service under other than dishonorable conditions, AND
o served 90 days or more of active military, naval or air service with at least 1 day during
a period of war*, AND
o his/her countable income is below the maximum annual pension rate, AND
o meets the net worth limitations, AND
o is age 65 or older, OR is shown by evidence to have a permanent and total non-service-connected disability, OR is a patient in a nursing home, OR is receiving Social Security
disability benefits.
*Veterans who entered active duty after September 7, 1980, must also have served at least
24 months of active duty service. If the total length of service is less than 24 months, the
Veteran must have completed his/her entire tour of active duty.

Aid and Attendance (A&A) is an increased monthly pension amount paid to a Veteran or
surviving spouse. You may be eligible for the increased A&A amount if:
o You are eligible for basic pension benefits
AND
o You require the aid of another person in order to perform activities of daily living,
such as bathing, feeding, dressing, toileting, adjusting prosthetic devices, or
protecting yourself from the hazards of your daily environment, OR
o You are bedridden, in that your disability or disabilities require that you remain in
bed apart from any prescribed course of convalescence or treatment, OR
o You are a patient in a nursing home due to mental or physical incapacity, OR
o You have corrected visual acuity of 5/200 or less, in both eyes, or concentric contraction
of the visual field to 5 degrees or less.

Housebound is an increased monthly pension amount paid to a Veteran or surviving
spouse who is substantially confined to his or her home because of permanent disability. You
may be eligible if:
o You are eligible for basic pension benefits AND
o You have a single permanent disability evaluated as 100-percent disabling AND, due to
a disability or disabilities, you are permanently and substantially confined to your
immediate premises, OR
o You have a single permanent disability evaluated as 100-percent disabling AND
another disability or disabilities, independently evaluated as 60-percent or more
disabling.
What do I need to know about the organizations that are offering assistance with claims
for pension benefits?

• The U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging (Committee) found that some
organizations are misrepresenting themselves while helping Veterans and survivors apply for
VA pension.
o In a June 2012 hearing, the Committee addressed concerns that some organizations are
marketing financial products and services to enable claimants whose assets exceed the
VA pension program’s financial eligibility thresholds to qualify for VA pension benefits.
o The Committee also learned these organizations may charge substantial fees for
products and services that may not always be in claimants’ best long-term interests.
o You can access a video of the hearing on the Committee’s website.
• The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) published a report, Veterans’
Pension Benefits: Improvements Needed to Ensure Only Qualified Veterans and Survivors
Receive Benefits, GAO-12-540. GAO found that:
o There are over 200 organizations that market financial and estate-planning services to
help pension claimants with excess assets meet financial eligibility requirements for
pension benefits.
o These organizations consist primarily of financial planners and attorneys who
offer products such as annuities and trusts.
o Some products and services provided, such as annuities, may not be suitable for elderly
Veterans because they may not have access to all their funds for their care within their
expected lifetime without facing high withdrawal fees.
o These products and services may result in ineligibility for Medicaid for a period of time.
o Some organizations charged fees, ranging from a few hundred dollars for benefits
counseling to $10,000 for establishment of a trust.
Contact us: http://www.va.gov 1-800-827-1000

Who can help me file a claim for VA pension, including pension at the aid and
attendance or housebound rates?

• An individual generally must first be accredited by VA to assist a claimant in the preparation,
presentation, and prosecution of a claim for VA benefits—even without charge. VA accredits
three types of individuals for this purpose:
o Representatives of VA-recognized Veterans service organizations
o Independent claims agents
o Private Attorneys
• A searchable list of accredited representatives, agents, and attorneys is available at the VA
Office of the General Counsel website:
http://www.va.gov/ogc/apps/accreditation/index.asp
• VA accreditation, which is for the sole and limited purpose of preparing, presenting, and
prosecuting claims before VA, is necessary to ensure that claimants for VA benefits have
responsible, qualified representation.
• VA regulations allow a one-time exception to this general rule, which allows VA to authorize a
person to prepare, present, and prosecute one claim without accreditation. The assistance
must be without cost to the claimant, is subject to the laws governing representation, and may
not be used to evade the accreditation requirements.
• Preparation and presentation of a VA claim includes, among other things, gathering the
information necessary to file a claim for benefits, completing claim applications,
submitting claim information to VA, and communicating with VA on behalf of a claimant.
• A VA-accredited attorney or claims agent, who is also a financial planner, may assist a
claimant with a claim for A&A. However, financial planners may not use their VA
accreditation for the purpose of promoting or selling financial products.
• If VA determines that an accredited attorney or agent is using VA accreditation for an
improper purpose, VA may suspend or cancel the individual’s accreditation.

Can an accredited attorney or claims agent, who is also a financial planner, charge a
fee for preparing a claim for A&A?

• No. An accredited attorney or claims agent may generally charge claimants a fee only after an
agency of original jurisdiction (e.g., a VA regional office) has issued a decision on a claim, a
notice of disagreement has been filed, and the attorney or agent has filed a power of attorney
and a fee agreement with VA.
• An exception applies when an accredited attorney or claims agent receives a fee or salary
from a disinterested third party. A third party is considered disinterested only if the entity
or individual would not benefit financially from the successful outcome of the claim.
Contact us: http://www.va.gov 1-800-827-1000
• We note that some individuals charge a pre-filing “consultation” fee to inform a Veteran or
survivor about VA benefits that may be available to them. In certain states, a license to
practice law may be required to provide and charge a fee for such “consultations,” which may
be considered giving legal advice.
• Such “consultation” fees are unlawful if they are charged after a Veteran or survivor becomes a
VA claimant by expressing to the attorney or agent an intent to file a claim for VA benefits.
• A “consultation” fee may not be tied to the outcome of a claim filed with VA if the attorney or
agent provides any claims assistance–that is, an attorney or agent cannot agree to refund the
fee if, after the attorney or agent assists with a VA claim, VA ultimately denies the claim. Such
a fee would amount to an unlawful contingency fee or advance payment for assistance with an
application for VA benefits.
• VA-recognized Veterans service organizations, including their accredited representatives, are
not permitted to receive fees for their services in connection with a VA claim in any instance.
• If VA determines that an accredited attorney or agent is improperly charging a fee for
preparing, presenting, or prosecuting a claim prior to the filing of a notice of disagreement,
VA may suspend or cancel the individual’s accreditation.
Is it permissible to offer a guarantee that a claimant will be awarded A&A or that the
processing of a claim will be expedited?
• No. Such promises are patently misleading because VA is ultimately the adjudicator of claims
for VA benefits.
• If VA determines that an accredited attorney or agent has misled or deceived a claimant
regarding benefits or other rights under programs administered by VA, VA may suspend or
cancel the individual’s accreditation.
For More Information, Call Toll-Free 1-800-827-1000.”